Russia Exits CFE Treaty
Moscow formally withdraws from the European arms control pact.
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CFE withdrawal completed at 00:00 on November 7, 2023.
End of an Era
Historic moment as CFE becomes history for Russia
No NATO Agreements
Russia sees no chance for arms control deals with NATO.
Budapest Memorandum and Flank Agreement no longer valid for Russia.
From 1990 signing to 2023 withdrawal - the CFE journey
Russia declared a moratorium in 2007, changing its CFE stance.
Putin signs law denouncing CFE, effective from June 9
NATO's inability to negotiate renders future agreements impossible.
Since 2015, Belarus represents Russia's interests in CFE discussions.