Russia Exits CFE Treaty

Moscow formally withdraws from the European arms control pact.

Midnight Withdrawal

CFE withdrawal completed at 00:00 on November 7, 2023.

End of an Era

Historic moment as CFE becomes history for Russia

No NATO Agreements

Russia sees no chance for arms control deals with NATO.

Invalid Agreements

Budapest Memorandum and Flank Agreement no longer valid for Russia.

CFE Timeline

From 1990 signing to 2023 withdrawal - the CFE journey

2007 Moratorium

Russia declared a moratorium in 2007, changing its CFE stance.

Legal Denunciation

Putin signs law denouncing CFE, effective from June 9

NATO Critique

NATO's inability to negotiate renders future agreements impossible.

Belarus Representation

Since 2015, Belarus represents Russia's interests in CFE discussions.